ARM Architecture

Proper Python Framework Choice for Automation Testing

By Swasti Shrivastava, Softnautics

Take a look at automation is the follow of automating check execution utilizing frameworks and instruments to hold out exams extra rapidly and cut back the necessity for human testers. On this technique of software program testing, reusable check scripts are created to check the functioning of the appliance, reducing down on total regression time and facilitating faster software program releases. Using check automation shortens the testing life cycle’s regression time and improves high quality of releases.

In line with a report revealed by future market insights group, the worldwide automation testing market is predicted to develop at a CAGR of 14.3% registering a market worth of US$ 93.6 billion by the tip of 2032. Automated check scripts might be written in a number of totally different programming languages, resembling Python, C#, Ruby, Java, and so forth. Amongst them, Python is by far the most well-liked language used amongst automation engineers for automation testing. It gives varied helpful instruments and libraries used for automation testing. Python additionally extensively helps many several types of check automation frameworks.

Aside from the default Python testing framework, unit check (or PyUnit), varied python frameworks can be found that may be extra appropriate for the mission. Essentially the most acceptable check framework for the mission might be chosen primarily based on the mission requirement, measurement, and the automation framework practiced, for instance, TDD (Take a look at Pushed Improvement), BDD (Behaviour Pushed Improvement), ATDD (Acceptance Take a look at Pushed Improvement), KDD (Key phrase Pushed Improvement), and so forth.

Forms of Python testing frameworks

Click on to enlarge

Take a look at Automation Framework


PyTest is an open-source framework, and it helps unit testing, API testing, and purposeful testing. In PyTest, the check circumstances comply with a specific format the place exams both begin with test_ or finish with _test.


  • Primary information of Take a look at-Pushed Improvement framework
  • Working information of Python


  • Can be utilized for initiatives that follow TDD
  • Helps in writing check fits in a compact method
  • Fixtures and parameterized exams cowl quite a few check case combos with out rewriting them
  • Markers can be utilized to group exams or skip them when operating all the check suite
  • Many inbuilt and third-party plugin help that may add new options like report technology and so forth.
  • Helps parallel execution of check circumstances utilizing the pytest-xdist plugin
  • Enormous neighborhood help
  • Implements python decorators and might leverage python programming flexibility utterly


  • It’s not suitable with different python frameworks. All of the exams have to be rewritten if somebody desires to maneuver to a different python framework.
  • It’s purely primarily based on python programming which requires to have sound information over python programming


The Robotic is an open-source framework. It’s extensively used for Selenium Take a look at Automation.


  • Primary information of Key phrase Pushed Improvement framework
  • Working information of python is required to create new key phrases


  • Can be utilized for initiatives that follow ATDD, BDD, or key phrase pushed improvement
  • No prior programming information is required if utilizing pre-defined key phrases
  • Straightforward to know for purchasers and better administration who’re from a non-technical background.
  • Many libraries and inbuilt key phrases, particularly for selenium testing
  • Good built-in reporting mechanism
  • Good neighborhood help


  • Exhausting to customise HTML Stories
  • No built-in function for parallel check execution. Pabot can be utilized to execute check circumstances parallelly
  • Creating new key phrases might be time-taking or could be a restriction to testers with coding information and due to this fact much less versatile


Behave is an open-source framework. It’s best suited to net testing. The scripts or function information syntax could be very near the layman English language.


  • Primary information of Behaviour Pushed Improvement framework
  • Working information of Python


  • Can be utilized for initiatives that follow BDD
  • Availability of environmental features, configuration settings, fixtures, and so forth. permits simple setup and clean-up
  • Straightforward to know the framework
  • May be built-in with different net improvement frameworks like flask, and so forth.
  • Easy so as to add new check circumstances
  • Report technology in JUnit format
  • Wonderful help for documentation


  • Parallel execution of check circumstances isn’t supported
  • Can solely be used for black-box testing
  • Not appropriate for integration testing


PyUnit (Unit Take a look at) is the default testing framework for unit testing that comes with Python. Much like PyTest, in PyUnit additionally the check circumstances comply with a specific format the place exams both begin with test_ or finish with _test.


  • Working information of Python


  • No further package deal set up is required
  • Take a look at report technology is quicker
  • Particular person exams might be run simply by typing the check title on terminal
  • The default output is straightforward to know


  • Utilizing PyUnit for giant initiatives is considerably hampered by the help for an excessive amount of abstraction and the abundance of boilerplate code


Nose2 is the extension to the unit check. Nose2 provides help to the PyUnit framework by offering plugins.


Working information of Python


  • Straightforward to put in
  • Have options like fixtures, parameterized exams, and so forth. like PyTest
  • Exams might be executed in parallel with a number of processes by utilizing the (multiprocess) mp plugin
  • A lot of plugins might be added with options like reporting, selenium check automation, and so forth.


  • Documentation isn’t intensive

Regardless of shorter improvement cycles, automated testing presents a number of benefits which are important for producing high-quality purposes. It minimizes the potential for inevitably occurring human errors in guide testing procedures. Software program high quality is improved and the chance of defects endangering the supply timeline is decreased by automated testing.

Writer Bio:

Swasti is working as Senior Automation Engineer at Softnautics and has whole of 6+ years of expertise as Python Automation Take a look at Engineer. In her profession, she has labored on IoT initiatives, QA and Automation initiatives which requires check framework improvement and DevOps. She is captivated with studying new abilities, debugging challenges and automation to cut back guide efforts. Whereas not working she likes to hearken to audiobooks/music/podcasts.

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